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Prevent system sleep

   

Windows detects activities such as keyboard or mouse input – after a long idle time the system might go to sleep mode and/or power off the display device.

Here's a unit you can use to prevent the system going to sleep during critical operations.

unit SystemCriticalU;

interface

uses
  Windows;

type
  TSystemCritical = class
  private
    FIsCritical: Boolean;
    procedure SetIsCritical(const Value: Boolean) ;
  protected
    procedure UpdateCritical(Value: Boolean) ; virtual;
  public
    constructor Create;
    property IsCritical: Boolean read FIsCritical write SetIsCritical;
  end;

var
  SystemCritical: TSystemCritical;

implementation

{ TSystemCritical }
// REF: http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/aa373208.aspx
type
  EXECUTION_STATE = DWORD;
  
const
  ES_SYSTEM_REQUIRED = $00000001;
  ES_DISPLAY_REQUIRED = $00000002;
  ES_USER_PRESENT = $00000004;
  ES_AWAYMODE_REQUIRED = $00000040;
  ES_CONTINUOUS = $80000000;
  
  KernelDLL = 'kernel32.dll';

{
  SetThreadExecutionState Function
  Enables an application to inform the system that it is in use,
  thereby preventing the system from entering sleep or turning off the
  display while the application is running.
}
procedure SetThreadExecutionState(ESFlags: EXECUTION_STATE);
  stdcall; external kernel32 name 'SetThreadExecutionState';

constructor TSystemCritical.Create;
begin
  inherited;
  FIsCritical := False;
end;

procedure TSystemCritical.SetIsCritical(const Value: Boolean) ;
begin
  if FIsCritical = Value then
    Exit;
  FIsCritical := Value;
  UpdateCritical(FIsCritical);
end;

procedure TSystemCritical.UpdateCritical(Value: Boolean) ;
begin
  if Value then
    // Prevent the sleep idle time-out and Power off.
    SetThreadExecutionState(ES_SYSTEM_REQUIRED or ES_CONTINUOUS)
  else
    // Clear EXECUTION_STATE flags to disable away mode and allow the
    // system to idle to sleep normally.
    SetThreadExecutionState(ES_CONTINUOUS);
end;

initialization

SystemCritical := TSystemCritical.Create;

finalization

SystemCritical.IsCritical := False;
SystemCritical.Free;

end.

Here's one usage example:

SystemCritical.IsCritical = true;
try
  // do critical operation here
  // without going in to sleep or turning off the display
finally
  SystemCritical.IsCritical = false;
end;
Author: Shlomo Abuisak
Contributor: Shlomo Abuisak
Added: 2009-11-05
Last updated: 2009-11-05

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